Impact of Continuing Care on Recovery From Substance Use Disorder
The Convergent Neuroscience of Affective Pain and Substance Use Disorder
A central feature of substance use disorder (SUD) is the emergence of negative affective or emotional states that influence the motivational properties of misused substances.1 Individual propensity to experience pain-related negative affect, for example, is hypothesized to be associated with the maintenance of both opioid use disorder (OUD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD). Chronic...
Maternal Substance Use: Consequences, Identification, and Interventions
Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Mutual Help Group Participation for Substance Use Problems
Racial/ethnic minority groups comprise a large proportion of the U.S. population and evidence a substantial need for treatment of substance use disorder (SUD). Analysis of the most recent, reliable data available—the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)1—found that the prevalence of past-year SUD among those age 12 and older was higher among some racial/ethnic...
Alcohol Use Disorder and Antisocial and Borderline Personality Disorders
The quest to understand the etiology, course, and treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD) has given rise to an extensive body of work on identifying factors that contribute to these phenomena. Many of these factors, such as temperament and personality traits, are common to multiple psychiatric conditions, and some, such as variants of alcohol metabolizing genes, are specific to AUD...
Recovery-Oriented Systems of Care: A Perspective on the Past, Present, and Future
This perspective focuses on the relatively recent topic of recovery-oriented systems of care; although influential in practice, this concept has yet to be evaluated empirically and thus cannot yet be the object of a review. In lieu of such evidence, this article offers one perspective on the origins of this concept and its present status prior to considering possible directions in...
Alcohol Use Disorder and Depressive Disorders
Alcohol Use Disorder and Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder
Schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder are heterogeneous psychotic disorders that often cause significant disability, with symptoms that include delusions, hallucinations, disorganization, and cognitive impairment.1 In schizoaffective disorder, the psychotic symptoms are present, along with mood episodes of depression or mania.2 People with these schizophrenia spectrum...
The Epidemiology of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Alcohol Use Disorder
Behavioral Treatments for Alcohol Use Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder